Nouns (97)

apuntar, ganar, tanto, marcar, punto
n. the act of scoring in a game or sport; "the winning score came with less than a minute left to play"
elemento, artículo, punto
n. a whole individual unit; especially when included in a list or collection; "they reduced the price on many items"
punzada, punto
n. a link or loop or knot made by an implement in knitting, crocheting, embroidery, or sewing
atajo, punto, señal, registro, señalador, marca, marcador
n. a marker (a piece of paper or ribbon) placed between the pages of a book to mark the reader's place
tejido, punto
n. needlework created by interlacing yarn in a series of connected loops using straight eyeless needles or by machine
punto
n. a stitch taken in knitting
rasgos característicos, propiedad, punto, característica
n. a distinguishing or individuating characteristic; "he knows my bad points as well as my good points"
tópico, cuestión, tema, asunto, problema, punto
n. some situation or event that is thought about; "he kept drifting off the topic"; "he had been thinking about the subject for several years"; "it is a matter for the police"
pormenor, particular, insignificancia, detalle, elemento, punto
n. a fact about some part (as opposed to general); "he always reasons from the particular to the general"
punto
n. the object of an activity; "what is the point of discussing it?"
elemento, artículo, punto
n. one percent of the total principal of a loan; it is paid at the time the loan is made and is independent of the interest on the loan
punto
n. the shorter of the two telegraphic signals used in Morse code
punto final, punto
n. a punctuation mark (.) placed at the end of a declarative sentence to indicate a full stop or after abbreviations; "in England they call a period a stop"
lugar, sitio, punto
n. the precise location of something; a spatially limited location; "she walked to a point where she could survey the whole street"
punta de tierra, cabo, punto
n. a promontory extending out into a large body of water; "they sailed south around the point"
punto
n. the unit of counting in scoring a game or contest; "he scored 20 points in the first half"; "a touchdown counts 6 points"
punto
n. a linear unit used to measure the size of type; approximately 1/72 inch
pormenor, insignificancia, detalle, elemento, punto
n. (logic) a proposition that asserts something about some (but not all) members of a class
dirección del viento, punto
n. any of 32 horizontal directions indicated on the card of a compass; "he checked the point on his compass"
pinta, punto
n. a very small circular shape; "a row of points"; "draw lines between the dots"
fase, etapa, grado, punto, nivel
n. a specific identifiable position in a continuum or series or especially in a process; "a remarkable degree of frankness"; "at what stage are the social sciences?"
momento, punto
n. an instant of time; "at that point I had to leave"
Punto
n. [the knowledge of making clothes etc. by joining woollen threads into a close network with long needles]
punto
n. a punctuation used for ending a sentence, representing mathematical values, abbreviations etc.; ASCII 46
elemento gráfico, punto, píxel
n. the smallest logical unit of visual information used to build an image
punto
n. unit of measurement for text characters: one point is 1/72 inches

Verbs (0)

There are no items for this category

Adverbs (0)

There are no items for this category

Adjectives (0)

There are no items for this category

Fuzzynyms (339)

animal, ser animado, bestia, criatura
n. a living organism characterized by voluntary movement
prenda, artículo
n. one of a class of artifacts; "an article of clothing"
plaza, puesto, cargo, colocación, empleo
n. a job in an organization; "he occupied a post in the treasury"
cosa
n. an artifact; "how does this thing work?"
pedacito, pedazo, trocito, trozo, cachito, cacho
n. a separate part of a whole; "an important piece of the evidence"
géneros, mercancía, bien, género, artículo, producto
n. articles of commerce
piso, planta
n. a structure consisting of a room or set of rooms at a single position along a vertical scale; "what level is the office on?"
a punta de pistola
n. the gun muzzle's direction; "he held me up at the point of a gun"
producto, producción
n. an artifact that has been created by someone or some process; "they improve their product every year"; "they export most of their agricultural production"
duda, indeterminación, entredicho
n. uncertainty about the truth or factuality or existence of something; "the dubiousness of his claim"; "there is no question about the validity of the enterprise"
carácter distintivo, característica
n. a distinguishing quality; "it has the distinction of being the cheapest restaurant in town"
finalidad, intento, meta, fin, empleo, objetivo, uso, utilidad, objeto, función
n. a particular service; "he put his knowledge to good use"; "patrons have their uses"
cuestión, dificultad, molestia, problema
n. a source of difficulty; "one trouble after another delayed the job"; "what's the problem?"
cuestión, dificultad, molestia, problema
n. a source of difficulty; "one trouble after another delayed the job"; "what's the problem?"
motivo, exposición de la lógica, explicación razonada, explicación de la lógica, explicación de los principios, exposición de los principios, exposición razonada
n. (law) an explanation of the fundamental reasons (especially an explanation of the working of some device in terms of laws of nature); "the rationale for capital punishment"; "the principles of internal-combustion engines"
tópico, cuestión, tema, asunto, problema, punto
n. some situation or event that is thought about; "he kept drifting off the topic"; "he had been thinking about the subject for several years"; "it is a matter for the police"
pormenor, particular, insignificancia, detalle, elemento, punto
n. a fact about some part (as opposed to general); "he always reasons from the particular to the general"
consideración
n. formal ceremony about important occasions; "pomp and circumstance"
dolor de cabeza, quebradero de cabeza, preocupación, inquietud, molestia, cuidado, problema
n. something or someone that causes anxiety; a source of unhappiness; "New York traffic is a constant concern"; "it's a major worry"
dolor de cabeza, quebradero de cabeza, preocupación, inquietud, molestia, cuidado, problema
n. something or someone that causes anxiety; a source of unhappiness; "New York traffic is a constant concern"; "it's a major worry"
noción, concepto, concepción, idea
n. an abstract or general idea inferred or derived from specific instances
faceta, aspecto
n. a distinct feature or element in a problem; "he studied every facet of the question"
lado
n. an aspect of something (as contrasted with some other implied aspect); "he was on the heavy side"; "he is on the purchasing side of the business"; "it brought out his better side"
sección, elemento, fracción, porción, parte, división, unidad
n. one of the portions into which something is regarded as divided and which together constitute a whole; "the written part of the exam"; "the finance section of the company"; "the BBC's engineering division"
ingrediente, factor, constituyente, componente, elemento
n. an independent variable in statistics
anteproyecto, bosquejo, esbozo, esquerma, plano, plan, diseño, dibujo, modelo, patrón
n. something intended as a guide for making something else; "a blueprint for a house"; "a pattern for a skirt"
acepción, tenor, sentido, significación, significado
n. the idea that is intended; "What is the meaning of this proverb?"
idea principal, tema, esencia
n. the central idea that is expanded in a document or discourse
motivo central, motivo principal, leitmotiv, tema
n. a unifying idea that is a recurrent element in literary or artistic work; "it was the usual `boy gets girl' theme"
tuétano, médula, miga, meollo, medula, jugo, entraña, cogollo, riñón, enjundia, esencia, alma, fondo, substancia, sustancia, centro, núcleo
n. the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience; "the gist of the prosecutor's argument"; "the heart and soul of the Republican Party"; "the nub of the story"
sentido general, sentido, significado
n. the pervading meaning or tenor; "caught the general drift of the conversation"
coordenada
n. a number that identifies a position relative to an axis
artículo
n. nonfictional prose forming an independent part of a publication
sumario, resumen, recapitulación, extracto, compendio, síntesis
n. (music) the section of a composition or movement (especially in sonata form) in which musical themes that were introduced earlier are repeated
tema, asunto
n. the subject matter of a conversation or discussion; "he didn't want to discuss that subject"; "it was a very sensitive topic"; "his letters were always on the theme of love"
punto esencial, esencial
n. a brief version of the essential meaning of something; "get to the point"; "he missed the point of the joke"; "life has lost its point"
interés
n. a feeling of sympathy for someone or something; "She felt strong concern for those less fortunate"
interés
n. a feeling of sympathy for someone or something; "She felt strong concern for those less fortunate"
tozal, teso, pingoroto, pingorota, esquienta, cumbrera, culmen, picacho, ápice, cúspide, cima, cumbre, vértice, corona, cabeza, ceja, cuerda, pico, copete
n. the top or extreme point of something (usually a mountain or hill); "the view from the peak was magnificent"; "they clambered to the tip of Monadnock"; "the region is a few molecules wide at the summit"
puesto, posición, situación, ubicación, emplazamiento, colocación, lugar
n. physical position in relation to the surroundings; "the sites are determined by highly specific sequences of nucleotides"
paraje, lugar, sitio
n. a point located with respect to surface features of some region; "this is a nice place for a picnic"; "a bright spot on a planet"
pedazo, trozo, pieza, porción, parte
n. an artistic or literary composition; "he wrote an interesting piece on Iran"; "the children acted out a comic piece to amuse the guests"
criminal, proscrito, maleante, forajido, bandido, delincuente, malhechor
n. someone who has committed a crime or has been legally convicted of a crime
derviche
n. an ascetic Muslim monk; a member of an order noted for devotional exercises involving bodily movements
malévolo, trasgresor, transgresor, criminal, maleante, delincuente, malhechor
n. someone who transgresses; someone who violates a law or command; "the way of transgressors is hard"
desalmado, monstruo, fiera, diablo, demonio, ogro
n. a rowdy or mischievous person (usually a young man); "he chased the young hellions out of his yard"
virote, playboy, hombre de mundo, sibarita, calavera
n. a man devoted to the pursuit of pleasure
malvado, bellaco, réprobo, granuja, libertino, guiñapo, canalla, cerdo, crápula
n. a person without moral scruples
infractor de la ley, trasgresor, transgresor, infractor
n. someone who violates the law
faldero, castigador, donjuan, galanteador, tenorio, mujeriego, donjuán, braguetero, ligón
n. a man who likes many women and has short sexual relationships with them
linde, frontera, límite
n. a line determining the limits of an area
umbral, borde, frontera, límite
n. an undeveloped field of study; a topic inviting research and development; "he worked at the frontier of brain science"
coyuntura, posición, trance, situación
n. a condition or position in which you find yourself; "the unpleasant situation (or position) of having to choose between two evils"; "found herself in a very fortunate situation"
equilibrio
n. a stable situation in which forces cancel one another
plano, nivel
n. a level of existence or development; "he lived on a worldly plane"
equivalencia, paridad, igualdad
n. a state of being essentially equal or equivalent; equally balanced; "on a par with the best"
nivel social, clase social, posición social, condición social, grado, rango
n. position in a social hierarchy; "the British are more aware of social status than Americans are"
posición, condición, lugar
n. proper or designated social situation; "he overstepped his place"; "the responsibilities of a man in his station"; "married above her station"
standing, posición social, posición, categoría
n. social or financial or professional status or reputation; "of equal standing"; "a member in good standing"
equilibrio
n. a state of equilibrium
escalón, grado, posición, nivel
n. a relative position or degree of value in a graded group; "lumber of the highest grade"
clase social, casta
n. social status or position conferred by a system based on class; "lose caste by doing work beneath one's station"
fase
n. (physical chemistry) a distinct state of matter in a system; matter that is identical in chemical composition and physical state and separated from other material by the phase boundary; "the reaction occurs in the liquid phase of the system"
capacidad
n. the susceptibility of something to a particular treatment; "the capability of a metal to be fused"
elemento
n. one of four substances thought in ancient and medieval cosmology to constitute the physical universe; "the alchemists believed that there were four elements"

Synonyms (0)

There are no items for this category

Antonyms (14)

árbol propulsor, eje cardán, árbol cardán, árbol de transmisión
n. coupling that connects two rotating shafts allowing freedom of movement in all directions; "in motor vehicles a universal joint allows the driveshaft to move up and down as the vehicle passes over bumps"
árbol propulsor, eje cardán, árbol cardán, árbol de transmisión
n. coupling that connects two rotating shafts allowing freedom of movement in all directions; "in motor vehicles a universal joint allows the driveshaft to move up and down as the vehicle passes over bumps"
estratega, capitán, general
n. a fact about the whole (as opposed to particular); "he discussed the general but neglected the particular"
estratega, capitán, general
n. a fact about the whole (as opposed to particular); "he discussed the general but neglected the particular"

Research

In American and Canadian football, a punt is a kick performed by dropping the ball from the hands and then kicking the ball before it hits the ground. The most common use of this tactic is to punt the ball downfield to the opposing team, usually on the final down, with the hope of giving the receiving team a field position that is more advantageous to the kicking team when possession changes. The result of a typical punt, barring any penalties or extraordinary circumstances, is a first down for the receiving team.

The type of punt leads to different motion of the football. Alex Moffat invented the now-common spiral punt, as opposed to end-over-end.

Description

A punt in gridiron football is a kick performed by dropping the ball from the hands and then kicking the ball before it hits the ground. In football, the offense has a limited number of downs, or plays, in which to move the ball at least ten yards. The team in possession of the ball will typically punt the ball to the opposing team when they are on their final down (fourth down in American football, third down in Canadian football), do not want to risk a turnover on downs by not gaining enough yardage to make a first down and are in such a field position that they do not believe they can successfully make a field goal. The purpose of the punt is for the team in possession, or "kicking team", to move the ball as far as possible towards the opponent's end zone; this maximizes the distance the receiving team must advance the ball in order to score a touchdown upon taking possession. Thus, the most common use of this tactic is to punt the ball downfield to the opposing team, usually on the final down, with the hope of giving the receiving team a field position that is more advantageous to the kicking team when possession changes.

A punt play involves the kicking team lining up at the line of scrimmage with the kicker, or punter, typically lined up about 15 yards behind the center (in American football, where the end zone is only ten yards deep as opposed to twenty yards in Canadian football, this distance must be shortened if the ball is on a spot such that the kicker's normal position is on or beyond the end line). The receiving team lines up with one or two players downfield to catch the ball. The center makes a long snap to the kicker who then drops the ball and kicks it before it hits the ground. The player who catches the ball is then entitled to attempt to advance the ball.

The result of a typical punt, barring any penalties or extraordinary circumstances, is a first down for the receiving team at the spot where:

  • the receiver or subsequent receiving team ball carrier is downed or goes Out of bounds;
  • the ball crosses out of bounds, whether in flight or after touching the ground;
  • there is "illegal touching", defined as when a player from the kicking team is the first player to touch the ball after it has been punted beyond the line of scrimmage; or
  • a ball which is allowed to land comes to rest in-bounds without being touched (American football only).

Other possible results include the punt being blocked behind the line of scrimmage, and the ball being touched, but not caught or possessed, downfield by the receiving team. In both cases the ball is then "free" and "live" and will belong to whichever team recovers it.

Rules

 
The Baylor Bears punting against the Texas A&M Aggies in 2007

Common to American and Canadian football

  • If the kicked ball is blocked and fails to cross the line of scrimmage, it may be picked up and advanced by either team. However, if it is picked up by the kicking team, the play is treated as any other play from scrimmage; i.e., if it is the team's final down, it must advance the ball beyond the first down marker in order to avoid a turnover on downs.
  • The official rules regulate when and how the receiving team may hit the kicker before, during, and after the kick.
  • If the receiving team drops the ball or touches the ball beyond the line of scrimmage without catching it then it is considered a live ball and may be recovered by either team. If the receiving team never had full possession, it is considered to be a muffed punt rather than a fumble. However, the receiving player must be actively pursuing the ball. If the receiving player is blocked into the ball, it is not considered "touching" the ball.
  • A field goal cannot be scored on a punt kick.
 
The 2007 Virginia Tech Hokies football team blocks a punt against the Duke Blue Devils

American football

  • The player attempting to catch the kicked ball may attempt a fair catch. If caught, the ball becomes dead and the receiving team gets the ball at the spot of the catch.
  • A touchback may be called if the kicked ball enters the receiving team's end zone without first touching any player, whether in flight or on a bounce; or if the receiving team catches the ball in its own end zone and downs it before advancing the ball out of the end zone; or if the ball enters then exits the end zone behind the goal line. (In high school football, the ball automatically becomes dead when it crosses the goal line and cannot be returned out of the end zone.) The receiving team gets the ball at its own 20-yard line.
  • If a player from the kicking team is the first to touch the ball after it crosses the line of scrimmage, "illegal touching" is called and the receiving team gains possession at the spot where the illegal touching occurred. This is often not considered to be detrimental to the kicking team; for example, it is common for a player on the kicking team deliberately to make contact with the ball near the goal line before it enters the end zone to prevent a touchback. Since there is no further yardage penalty awarded, the kicking team is often said to have "downed the ball" when this occurs (and the NFL does not count it as an official penalty). While the ball is not automatically dead upon an illegal touch, and can be advanced by the receiving team (who would then have the choice of accepting the result of the play or taking the ball at the spot of the illegal touch), this rarely happens in practice, as illegal touching typically occurs when members of the kicking team are closer to the ball than members of the receiving team.
  • The length of the punt, referred to as punting yards or gross punting yards, is measured from the line of scrimmage (not the spot where the punter punts) to whichever of the following points applies: (1) the spot that a punt is caught; (2) the spot that a punt goes out of bounds; (3) the spot that a punt is declared dead because of illegal touching; or (4) the goal line, for punts that are ruled touchbacks.
  • The net punting yardage is taken by calculating the total punting yardage and subtracting any yardage earned by the receiving team on returns, and subtracting 20 yards for each touchback.
  • Under no circumstance can the kicking team score points as the direct result of a punt. (It can score indirectly if the receiving team loses possession of the ball or runs back into its own end zone and gets tackled.)

Canadian football

  • The kicker and any players behind him at the time of the kick are considered "onside"; any other players on the kicking team are considered "offside". A player who is onside may recover the kicked ball, while a player who is offside may not be the first to touch the kicked ball and is required to remain at least 5 yards from an opposing player attempting to catch the ball. Violations of these restrictions on an offside player are called "no yards" infractions, with various penalties associated with them.
  • The ball remains in play if it enters the goal area (end zone) until it is downed by a player on either team or goes out of bounds:
    • If a member of the receiving team downs it in the goal area or the ball goes out of bounds before being brought back into the field of play, a single is awarded to the kicking team and the receiving team gains possession at their own 35-yard line.
    • If an onside player downs the ball in the goal area the kicking team is awarded a touchdown.
    • If an offside player downs the ball in the goal area the receiving team gains possession after a "no yards" penalty is applied from their own 10-yard line.
  • If the ball strikes the goalpost assembly while in flight the receiving team gains possession at their own 25-yard line.
  • The length of the punt is measured from the line of scrimmage to the spot of the catch or the point where the kick goes out of bounds. The punt return is measured independently, though the value of the punt to the kicking team is determined by distance from the line of scrimmage to the end of the return.
  • Canadian rules also allow a punt when the punter is not behind the line of scrimmage, which is not permitted in American rules. This tactic (termed an "open-field kick" in the rule book) is usually reserved for last-second desperation: for example, a player, after receiving a forward pass with no time left on the clock and with no hope of evading tacklers, may punt the ball in the hope that it will score a single or be recovered by an onside teammate. After recovering a ball kicked by the other team a player can also punt out of his own end zone in order to avoid a single. On at least two occasions in the CFL, a last-second missed field goal attempt was followed by three punts, all on one play, as the teams alternately tried to avoid a single and score a single.[1][2][3][4]

Types of punts

The type of punt leads to different motion of the football.

 

Spiral punt

Alex Moffat is generally recognized as the creator of the spiral punt, having developed it during his time as a college athlete in the early 1880s.[5] It is the longest type of punt kick. In flight, the ball spins about its long axis, instead of end over end (like a drop punt) or not at all (like a regular punt kick). This makes the flight of the ball more aerodynamic, and the pointy ends of gridiron footballs mitigate the difficulty to catch.

Pooch punt

Teams may line up in a normal offensive formation and have the quarterback perform a pooch punt, also known as a quick kick. This usually happens in situations where the offense is in a 4th and long situation in their opponent's territory, but are too close to the end zone for a traditional punt and (depending on weather conditions) too far for a field goal try. Like fake punt attempts, these are rarely tried, although Randall Cunningham, Tom Brady, Matt Cassel and Ben Roethlisberger have successfully executed pooch punts in the modern NFL era.[6][7][8] Some pooch punts occur on third down and long situations in American football to fool the defense, which is typically not prepared to return a punt on third down.

Fake punts

On very rare occasions, a punting team will elect to attempt a "fake punt" — line up in punt formation and begin the process as normal, but instead do one of the following:

  • The punter may choose to run with the ball.
  • The ball may be snapped to the upback, who then runs with the ball.
  • The punter (or another back, who is standing nearby) may decide to pass to a pre-designated receiver.
  • The ball may be snapped to the upback, who then passes the ball to a receiver.

Although teams sometimes use fake punts to exploit a weakness in the opposing team's defense, a fake punt is very rare, and often used in desperate situations, such as to keep a drive alive when a team is behind and needs to catch up quickly, or to spark an offense in a game where the defense dominates. The high risk of "fake punts", and the need to maintain an element of surprise when the play is actually called, explains why this play is seldom seen. Fake punts are more likely to occur when there is short yardage remaining to secure a first down, and/or the line of scrimmage is inside the opponent's territory.

One of the most famous fake punts was by New York Giants linebacker Gary Reasons during the 1990 NFC Championship Game against the San Francisco 49ers, in which he rushed for 30 yards on a fourth down conversion via a direct snap to him instead of the punter, Sean Landeta, which was a critical difference in a 15–13 victory. The Giants went on to win Super Bowl XXV.

Rugby-style punt

Similar to spiral punt, rugby punt is done with a running start before punting while remaining behind the line of scrimmage.[9]

 
Bill Putich punting on the run.

Record punts

  • The longest punt in North American pro football history is a 108-yarder by Zenon Andrusyshyn of the CFL's Toronto Argonauts (at Edmonton, October 23, 1977).[10] This record was also tied by Christopher Milo of the Saskatchewan Roughriders on October 29, 2011, at a home game at Mosaic Stadium at Taylor Field in Regina, during which winds gusted above 35 miles per hour (56 km/h) (this is also the site of the three longest field goals in CFL history and one of the windiest fields in professional football).
  • The longest punt in NFL play was a 98-yarder by Steve O'Neal of the New York Jets in an American Football League game played against the Denver Broncos on September 21, 1969.[11]
  • Jeff Feagles is the all-time NFL career punts and punt yards leader with 1,713 punts and 71,211 punt yards over 352 games.[12]
  • Bob Cameron is the all-time CFL career punts and punt yards leader with 3,129 punts and 134,301 punt yards over 394 games.[13]
  • Shane Lechler holds the NFL record for career punting average at 47.29 yards per punt (855 punts for 40,429 yards) over the 2000–2010 seasons.[14]
  • Sammy Baugh averaged 51.40 yards per punt in 1940 (35 punts for 1,799 yards). Lechler holds the modern single-season record with a 51.14 yards per punt average in 2009 (96 punts for 4,909 yards)[14]
  • The record for college football is held by the University of Nevada’s Pat Brady, who booted the longest possible punt on a 100-yard field at 99 yards against Loyola Universityon October 28, 1950.[15]
  • Joe Theismann punted for one yard against the Chicago Bears in 1985.[16][17]

Return

punt return is one of the receiving team's options to respond to a punt. A player positioned about 35–45 yards from the line of scrimmage (usually a wide receiver or return specialist) will attempt to catch or pick up the ball after it is punted by the opposing team's punter. He then attempts to carry the ball as far as possible back in the direction of the line of scrimmage, without being tackled or running out of bounds. He may also lateralthe ball to teammates in order to keep the play alive should he expect to be tackled or go out of bounds. DeSean Jackson, then playing for the Philadelphia Eagles in the "Miracle at the New Meadowlands", is the only NFL player to return a punt for a game-winning touchdown on the final play of regulation.[18] The NFL record holder for the number of punt returns for a touchdown in a career is Devin Hester with 14.

References

  1. ^ "Crazy ending lifts Alouettes over Argonauts". archive.org. 1 February 2014. Archived from the original on 1 February 2014.
  2. ^ blackknight101066 (30 October 2010). "Crazy Argonauts – Alouettes CFL ending.mp4" – via YouTube.
  3. ^ CFLfan#31 (19 September 2015). "SC: Top 10 Crazy CFL Moments" – via YouTube.
  4. ^ "Nov. 19, 1972 Abendschan boots Blue in stadium's greatest game". winnipegfreepress.com.
  5. ^ David M. Nelson. The Anatomy of a Game: Football, the Rules, and the Men who Made the Game. p. 53.
  6. ^ "Randall Cunningham Past Stats, Statistics, History, and Awards – databaseFootball.com". databasefootball.com. Archived from the original on 2009-01-14.
  7. ^ "Let's talk about Brady's punt". go.com.
  8. ^ "Ben Roethlisberger Past Stats, Statistics, History, and Awards – databaseFootball.com". databasefootball.com. Archived from the original on 2013-10-31.
  9. ^ First Sporting Production (2015-10-17), Aussie punter Blake O'Neill's Punts 80 yard Rugby Style Punt, retrieved 2017-09-07
  10. ^ "Regular Season All-Time Records – Individual Records – Punting"Archived 2009-09-03 at the Wayback Machine.. Canadian Football League. (The CFL's field is ten yards longer than the NFL's.)
  11. ^ "Bouncing ... bouncing – Pro Football Hall of Fame Official Site". profootballhof.com.
  12. ^ "NFL Punting Leaders (All Time)". PlayerFilter.com.
  13. ^ Regular Season All-Time Records Archived 2010-07-04 at the Wayback Machine. Canadian Football League
  14. a b 2011 NFL Record and Fact Book
  15. ^ National Football Foundation
  16. ^ Joe Theismann NFL & AFL Statistics. pro-football-reference.com. Pro Football Reference.
  17. ^ UPI (September 30, 1985). Bears Show Redskins a Team on the Rise. Lodi News-Sentinel, p. 17.
  18. ^ Frank, Reuben (December 19, 2010). "Miracle at the Meadowlands III: Eagles 38, Giants 31". CSN Philly. Retrieved 2010-12-19.
© 2019 Your Company. All Rights Reserved.